Priyanka GandhiUncategorized1 Comment

Model United Nations has been created with an aim to inculcate knowledge about the global issues among the students. MUN has a similar working as that of the UN, except the fact that the students are the delegates who discuss the critical issues of a particular country. Students learn the skills of public speaking through these conferences. If you are planning to attend one such conference, then this guide would help you with all your questions viz.

1.What is MUN?

2.How to register for MUN in India?

3.How should I prepare for my first conference?

4.How will the committees proceed on the conference day?

5.What should be done for improving myself?

What is MUN?

Model United Nations is an academic simulation of the United Nations wherein students play the role of delegates and come together to solve the global problems. MUNs in India follow a similar pattern of procedures like the other MUN conferences in the world. In an MUN, a student is assigned a country out of his preferences given earlier. The student is later assigned his committee out of the preferences mentioned by him. Some of the committees are the human rights committee, the disarmament committee, the development committee and so on.

How to register for MUN in India?

In order to sign up for a conference, you first need to find the list of conferences taking place in your preferred location. Usually, a conference with more than 3000 delegates is considered to be the perfect one, but if you are applying for the first time, a small conference would help you know the working of MUN. You can register for your desired conference online. You need to give your preferences about the countries and committees you would like to research on. Later, your registration would be confirmed and one country out of your preferences would be assigned along with one committee.

How should I prepare for my first conference?

Read the Background Guide or the Topic Synopsis first which introduces the topics. The three important things you need to prepare before you walk in to your first conference are: Position Paper (Policy Statement), the Opening Speech, and a Research Binder.

a) Position Paper (Policy Statement)

It’s a 1 or 2 page document which summarizes your research. It contains four sections: Background of topic, Past International actions, and Country Policy and Possible solutions. You can take the help of Google for researching on these topics.

b) Opening Speech

The opening speech is the first speech you need to give firstly on the conference day. It shouldn’t exceed 1 min 30 sec. Use your Position Paper as a guide to your speech. The opening speech is of utmost importance as you need to convey your country’s policies and the key issues you would like the committee to focus on. Be confident and convey it well.

c) Research Binder

Research Binders are optional but are highly recommended for the acronyms, dates, treaties signed by your country, etc.

d) Country Profile

Country Profile is also an optional tool to help you understand your country well. Most of the information needed to fill out a country profile can be found in the CIA World Factbook.

How will the committees proceed on the first day?

All the debates taking place in various conferences may be in different format from each other. The MUNs generally opt for Parliamentary procedure. However, a new set of rules which are actually followed by the UN have been started. The format is called UN4MUN. Besides, the THIMUN procedure, USA-UNA procedure are also being adopted in some of the conferences.

What should be done for improving myself?

The one big factor behind improvement is experience. As you attend more and more number of conferences, you can improve your speaking skills, and learn the procedures well.


The format of debate may vary from conference to conference. Do ask questions on the conference day if not clear with the instructions.

Now that you know the proceedings for attending an MUN, I hope you will soon register for one conference and give it a try.

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Priyanka Gandhi

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